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Overview of Traffic Offences and Penalties in India

The Indian Road rules is listed under the name, ‘Rules of the Road Regulation’, came into effect in July 1989 and have remained so to date. These rules and guidelines are relevant to the Indian drivers (be it those of two, three and four wheelers including buses and trucks), while on the road to make sure of a systematic traffic and a safe drive. Violating, transgressing or disrespecting any of these rules is a serious offence as according to the city specific traffic police rules as well as the Indian Motor Vehicle Act.

Implementation of these traffic laws – (decrees, rules, code of practice and acts) can bring down the road accidents considerably. These laws are compulsory by dealing out challans in the name of the lawbreakers, which will motivate them to internalize the law. Penalty payment and legal hassles are always effective punishments. A symptomatic list of the imaginable crimes and their corresponding penalties is categorized below:

List of Traffic Violation & Fines in India:

Offences Penalty Section
Driving without carrying a valid driving licenseINR 5000*Section 181 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Unauthorised driving of a vehicle without carrying a valid driving licenseINR 5000*Section 180 of the Motor Vehicle Act
GeneralINR 500*Section 177 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Not carrying the required documents as specified in Motor Vehicle Act while drivingINR 500130(3) r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving without a valid auto insurance.INR 2000*Section 196 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Driving without a valid permitUp to INR 10,000*Section 192 A of the Motor Vehicle Act
Travelling without ticketINR 500*Section 178 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Driving after being disqualifiedINR 10,000*Section 182 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Power of Officers towards impounding documentsSuspension of driving license under Section 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, and 194E*Section 206 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Violating licensing conditions (Aggregators)INR 25,000 to INR 1 lakhSection 193 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Driving without Valid Vehicle Fitness Certificate.Up to INR 5000 and no less than INR 2000130 r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Vehicle without RC Book (Registration Certificate)INR 200039 r/w 192 Motor Vehicle Act
* Changes made in September – 2019

Offences Related to Driving:

Offences Penalty Section
Violation of rules of road regulationINR 500*Section 177A (New) of the Motor Vehicle Act
Driving by a minor (aged below 18).INR 500
4 r/w 181 Motor Vehicle Act
Offences made by juveniles (aged below 18 years)Fine amount of Rs.25,000 and 3 years of imprisonment to be faced by the guardian of the individual or owner of the vehicle; The individual is to be tried under the JJ Act and the registration of the vehicle is to be cancelled*Section 199 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Not obeying the orders of the authoritiesINR 2,000*Section 179 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Over speeding of vehicleINR 1,000 for Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs); INR 2,000 for Medium Passenger Vehicles (MPVs)*Section 183 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Oversize vehiclesINR 5,000*Section 182 B of the Motor Vehicle Act
Letting an unlicensed fellow to drive.INR 10005 r/w 180 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving two wheelers without wearing a helmetINR 1,000 and disqualification of driving license for 3 months*129 r/w177 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving without fastening the seat beltsINR 1,000*
Section 194 B of the Motor Vehicle Act
Rough/ Reckless/ Negligent DrivingINR 1000*Section 177 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Dangerous drivingINR 5,000*Section 184 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Racing or speeding on public roadsINR 5,000*Section 189 of the Motor Vehicle Act
Not making way for emergency vehiclesINR 10,000*Section 194 E of the Motor Vehicle Act
Not driving in the proper lane.Court Challan112-183 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving in the centre and not keeping to left side of the road.INR 10066 r/w 192 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving against One Way.INR 1002 RRR r/w 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Reversing without due caution and care.INR 10017 (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Taking “U” turn during forbidden hours.INR 100MMVR 233
Not taking adequate care while taking a “Turn”.INR 100177 Motor Vehicle Act
Failing to slow down at intersection/ junction.INR 10012 RRR
Not carrying on left of traffic island.INR 100177 Motor Vehicle Act
Carrying people on Footboard.INR 1003 RRR
Carrying people to the point that it causes inconvenience (be it for rear-view visibility or gear shifting) to the driver.INR 100177 Motor Vehicle Act
Tripling on bikes/ two wheelers.INR 100128/177 Motor Vehicle Act
Driving on FootpathINR 100RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Stopping at pedestrian from crossing or crossing a Stop Line (Zebra Cross).INR 100RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
* Changes made in September – 2019

Offences Related to Road Marking:

Offences Related to Vehicle Number Plates:

Offences Related to Vehicle Lights:

Offences Related to Horn:

Offences Related to Traffic Police:

Offences Related to Traffic Signal:

Offences Related to Speed & Overtaking:

Other Offences Related to Driving:

Offences Related to Towing of Automobiles:

Offences Related to Pollution:

Offences Related to Motor Vehicles:

OffencesPenalty/SentenceSection
Using the vehicle in hazardous conditions.Court Challan192 Motor Vehicles Act
When motor vehicle is out of state for more than 12 months.INR 10047 – 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Particulars to be printed on transport vehicles.INR 10084 (G) – 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Without WiperINR 100CMVR 101 5,12 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Without Side Mirror.INR 1005, 7/177 Motor Vehicles Act
Tyres with some kind of defection.INR 100CMVR 94
No indication board on left hand drive vehicle.INR 100120, 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Selling motor vehicle/ modifying motor vehicle in contravention of Act.INR 30052/ 191 Motor Vehicles Act, 32/192.66/192 Motor Vehicles Act
Vehicles that are fitted with tint/ dark glasses or sun films.INR 100100 CMVR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Driving without proper or valid number plate or illuminating the number plate at the back.INR 100236 MMVR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Not displaying public carrier board.INR 100116 MMVR 177 Motor Vehicles Act
Use of private automobile for business purposes.Up to INR 5000 but no less than INR 2000Not Applicable
Any kind of misbehaviour with commuters, not wearing the uniform or not showing the badge.INR 100MMVR 21 (18) 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Loading the goods vehicle with more than the permitted weight.INR 2000 plus INR 1000 for every other ton.MMVR 93 (u) (i) 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Transporting goods in a treacherous or hazardous way.Imprisonment and/ or penalty of INR 3000.29 RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Breach of permit terms and conditions.Imprisonment and/ or penalty of up to INR 5000, not less than INR 2000.Not Applicable
Usage of coloured/ Tinted light on the vehicleINR 10097 (2)/ 177 DMVR

Offences Related to Commercial Vehicles:

OffencesPenalty/SentenceSection
Working in ‘NO ENTRY’ TimeUp to INR 2000115/194 Motor Vehicle Act
Violating the timetableCourt Challan11/177, 2/177, 66/192 Motor Vehicle Act
High and Long / Load in VehiclesINR 10029 RRR/177 Motor Vehicle Act
Carrying animals in goods vehicles in contravention of rules.INR 100MMVR 83 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Transporting people hazardously or carrying people in goods carrier vehicles.INR 100MMVR 108 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Carrying Goods in Passenger VehiclesNot ApplicableNot Applicable
Perilous projection of goods.INR 100229 MMVR, 29 RRR & 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Carrying goods unsafe.INR 100MMVR 202 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Carrying possessions more than 11 feet high.INR 100MMVR 93 (u) (i) 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Going over the limit of weight and limitation on Use.Court Challan113/194(1) Motor Vehicle Act
Driver refusing to weigh his vehicle.Court Challan114/194(2) Motor Vehicle Act
Loading on Tail Board.INR 100MMVR 202 & 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Misconduct by Taxi or TSR Driver.INR 10011(3)/ 177 DMVR
Over Charging by Taxi or TSR Driver.INR 10011(8)/ 177 DMVR
Charging without having a Meter.INR 10011(8)/ 177 DMVR
Refusal by Taxi or TSR Driver.INR 10011(9)/ 177 DMVR
Driving without Khaki Uniform.INR 1007/ 177 DMVR
Driver without wearing a Badge.INR 10022 (1)/ 177 DMVR
Conductor without the specified Uniform.INR 10023 (1)/ 177 DMVR
Conductor without Badge.INR 10022 (1)/ 177 DMVR
Stopping without a Bus stop.Court Challan66/ 192 Motor Vehicle Act
Power to detain Vehicle driven in infringement of section 3.4,39 or 66(1) MV Act.Court Challan207 (1) Motor Vehicle Act

Offences Related to Parking:

OffencesPenalty/SentenceSection
Parking in the same direction of the flow of traffic.INR 10022 (a) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking away from walkway towards road.INR 10015 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking against flow of traffic.INR 10015 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking causing Obstruction to other vehicles and people.INR 10015 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking on any Taxi Stand.INR 10015 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking in not any specified way.INR 10015 (1) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking at any Corner/ Edge.INR 10015 (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking within 15 meters on either side of a Bus Stop, causing inconvenience to those waiting for bus as well as bus drivers.INR 10015 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking on a Bridge.INR 10015 (2) (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking at any Traffic Island.INR 10015 (i) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking in ‘No Parking’ Zone.INR 10015 (2) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking on any Pedestrian Crossing.INR 10015 (2) (iii) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking the vehicle on Walkways.INR 10015(2) (ii) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Parking in front of any gate.INR 10015 (2) (viii) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act
Any kind of obstruction caused due to the way you have parked your vehicle.INR 10015(1) RRR 177 Motor Vehicle Act

Offences committed by the authorities:

OffencesPenalty/SentenceSection
Offences by any law enforcement officialTwo times of the penalty which is relevant to the respective sectionUnder Section 210 B of the Motor Vehicle Act
Conclusion:

What a handful, right? Well, these rules and regulations might look sizable. But to a good driver, following them will and should come naturally. Following the above is all the citizens need to do curb road accidents to zero. But unfortunately, that is not the case. Let us continue to spread awareness. Toast to a road accident-free nation.

Issued in Public Interest by Chandigarh Traffic Police

From time to time, the traffic police department in India have come up with various rules to make riding safe for the public. Recently, in the month of January, the Chandigarh Traffic Police conducted campaign against drunken driving and over-speeding in various areas. They choose to create awareness about these two topics as from the beginning of 2018 up to 21 January 2018, they have issued 605 challans for drunken driving violations and 891 challans for over-speeding across the city.

Few things drivers in Chandigarh must know
  • Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, Section 185, states that any violator caught for drunken driving for the first time will be charged with a fine of Rs.2,000 or may face imprisonment up to six months, or both.
  • Further, Section 20 (2) of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, also allows the concerned authorities to disqualify the licence of a drunken driving offender for a period of six month or more.
  • If a person is caught violating the rule for the second time and is charged under Motor Vehicle Act, 1988, Section 185 again, the Court has the authority to cancel the driving licence permanently.
  • If an offender is caught for over-speeding, he/she may lose the driving licence for not less than 3 months under Section 19 of Motor Vehicle Act, 1988.
  • For your information, the maximum speed limit for light motor vehicles in Chandigarh is 60 kmph and the speed limit for two wheelers in the city is 45 kmph.

Let us take the time to applaud the Chandigarh Traffic Police for their sincere efforts. In return, the cops are asking people to avoid drunken driving and over-speeding in the city.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
  1. Who can collect the on-spot penalties for traffic violations?Any traffic police who is in the post of a branch manager and/or above the rank of assistant sub-inspector of traffic police are authorised to collect on-spot penalties for traffic violations.
  2. Are there any exemptions which are applicable to the use of mobile phones while driving?No, there are no exemptions which are applicable to the use of mobile phones while driving. There are no exemptions even if the driver of the vehicle is associated with emergency services (for example, doctors).
  3. What all documents of a vehicle should I carry when I am driving?While driving, you will be required to keep a few documents readily available – your driving licence, tax paid receipt, PUC certificate, registration certificate, and insurance certificate. In case of commercial vehicles, you might also be required to carry your vehicle’s fitness certificate and permit.
  4. Is it compulsory for the occupant of the front seat in a car to wear seat belts?Yes, it is compulsory for both the driver and the occupant of the front seat to wear seat belts when the car is moving. If found guilty, the traffic police can issue a challan against the violation.
  5. What are the probable reasons for a vehicle being towed away?There are a number of reasons which might lead to the towing a vehicle. These reasons are as follows: the vehicle was left unattended or abandoned, it was parked in a no parking spot, it was parked in a way which caused inconvenience to other commuters, it was parked on the wrong side of the road, and so on
  6. Can I possess more than one driving licence in India?No, you are not allowed to possess more than one driving licence in India. In the Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Act 2019, it has been notified that individuals who are found to possess more than one driving licence in India will be penalised for the same.
  7. What happens if I do not appear before the court by the given date?If an individual does not appear before the court by the due date, a warrant will be issued against him or her which may lead to arrest of the individual along with stricter penalties.

information credit : bankbazzar

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